Sleepy Sickness

The most important disease that causes sleep disorders in adults is sleep apnea. Slowing down breathing is called hypopnea. If the number of breathing interruptions during sleep exceeds 5 per hour, there is sleep apnea syndrome. During apnea, the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood increases and the amount of oxygen decreases. this decrease may reach serious levels as apnea continues. The number of heart beats per minute decreases and the rhythm may be disrupted. This case increases the chance of heart attack and heart arrest. Stenosis in the upper respiratory tract causes sleep apnea. It is more common in people who are overweight and have short and thick necks. Sometimes medications used and anatomical disorders in the face can cause apnea. Causes of stenosis may be:

  • Nasal congestion caused by curvature of concha or bone in the nose
  • Sagging, extensions and muscle relaxation in the soft palate and uvula
  • Reduced tension in the tongue base and throat muscles, growth in the tongue base
  • Extremely large tonsils and adenoids in children etc.

In cases of slight sleep apnea, if there is obesity, the patient should be followed by a dietician. If there are significant anatomical stenosis in the upper respiratory tract, it should be evaluated by an Ear, Nose and Throat Specialist for surgical intervention.

ENT Diseases Services

  • Sleepy Sickness
  • Tympanum Surgery

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